General Pierre-Augustin-François de Burcy
Born: December 7, 1748
Place of Birth: Caen, Calvados, France
Died: November 26, 1793
Cause of Death: Killed in action
Place of Death: Gundershoffen, France
Arc de Triomphe: BURCY on the north pillar
A career soldier, Pierre-Augustin-François de Burcy first entered military service as a gendarme in 1768. By the time of the Revolution in 1789, he was still serving as a gendarme but he was then elected a lieutenant in the National Guard of Caen. In 1791 Burcy was named a lieutenant of the National Gendarmerie and in 1792 he became a Knight of Saint Louis. Later that year he was elected a chef de brigade of the 2nd Division of Gendarmerie organized in Lunéville. Burcy and his men were then sent to serve in the Army of the Moselle.
Serving with the Army of the Moselle in 1793, Burcy received a promotion to général de brigade that September. Next he took command of the advance guard of the corps of Vosges, and leading them he retook Saverne and repulsed General von Hotze at Bouxiller. However, in mid-November Burcy was ordered to be suspended in his command, but Burcy ignored the order and continued to lead his men. Eleven days later he was fighting the Austrians at Gundershoffen with his men when his horse was cut down. Refusing to flee, he was surrounded and killed by multiple sabre blows from the Austrians.
- Six, Georges. Dictionnaire Biographique des Généraux & Amiraux Français de la Révolution et de l'Empire (1792-1814). 2 vols. Paris: Gaston Saffroy, 2003.
Updated November 2014
© Nathan D. Jensen