Map of Départements and Client States of the First French Empire 1812
Belgium, Holland, Catalonia, parts of Italy, and the Illyrian Provinces are considered to be part of France, directly administrated as départements. In contrast, Switzerland, the states of the Confederation of the Rhine (Bavaria, Saxony, Westphalia, Württemberg, and smaller states), Naples, the Duchy of Warsaw, Spain (minus Catalonia), and the Kingdom of Italy are considered to be client states with some autonomy. Principalities such as Neuchâtel, Lucca, Pontecorvo, and Benevento were nominally ruled by members of the imperial nobility.
The map is licensed under Create Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International. It was obtained from Wikimedia Commons and was created by Andrein. It is provided here to assist readers with understanding the areas named throughout the history of the time.