General Jean-Pierre-François de ChasotGeneral of the early Revolution who served at the Battle of Valmy
Born: February 11, 1739
Place of Birth: Fleury-sur-Orne, Calvados, France
Died: October 19, 1797
Place of Death: Mutrecy, France
Arc de Triomphe: CHAZOT on the north pillar
A career soldier, Jean-Pierre-François de Chasot began his military service in 1753 when he volunteered to join the Queen's Regiment. Two years later he was commissioned as a lieutenant. During the Seven Years War Chasot served in Hanover and he was promoted to capitaine of infantry in the legion of Flanders in 1762. His next major promotion came twelve years later when he obtained a commission as a mestre de camp in 1774. That year Chasot was also recognized as a Knight of Saint Louis. During the 1780s he served as a lieutenant colonel of infantry chasseurs.
After the onset of the Revolution, Chasot took command of the National Guard of Clermont-Ferrand. In 1790 he was promoted to maréchal de camp and then in September of 1791 he was elected lieutenant colonel of the 1st Battalion of Volunteers of Puy-de-Dôme. In February of 1792 Chasot and his men were attached to the Army of the Center. That July he commanded Quesnoy, Landrecies, and Avesnes and then in August he took command of the right wing of the Army of the North. The next month Chasot was promoted to lieutenant general and assigned to serve under General Dumouriez. Chasot served at the combat of Croix-aux-Bois and then at the Battle of Valmy. Afterwards he was assigned to the Army of the Ardennes. In March of 1793 Chasot was given command of the 12th Division of the Army of the Ardennes but the next month he was relieved of command for being a noble and arrested at Sedan. Chasot was acquitted by a revolutionary tribunal two months later, however, he was still exiled to Clermont. In 1795 he officially retired from the army.
Updated February 2016
© Nathan D. Jensen