General Charles-Hyacinthe Leclerc de Landremont
Born: August 21, 1739
Place of Birth: Fénétrange, Moselle, France
Died: September 26, 1818
Place of Death: Nancy, France
Arc de Triomphe: LANDREMONT on the north pillar
Joining the army in the Schomberg Dragoons in 1759, Charles-Hyacinthe Leclerc Landremont served in the Seven Years War from 1759 to 1762. In March of 1761 he was wounded by a shot and five sabre blows and taken prisoner at the combat of Bidingen. That October Landremont was promoted to lieutenant. In 1763 he served in Brabant and then nine years later he was finally promoted to capitaine in 1772. Landremont continued to serve in the army and in 1776 he took command of a depot of recruits. In 1785 he was named a Knight of Saint Louis and in 1788 he was promoted to chef d'escadrons.
After the onset of the Revolution, in November of 1791 Landremont was named a lieutenant colonel. The following July he was promoted to colonel and then in September he served under General Kellermann at the Battle of Valmy. The next month Landremont was promoted to maréchal de camp in the Army of the Moselle. In April of 1793 he passed to the Army of the Rhine and then in May he was promoted to général de division and he commanded the advance guard at the combat of Rixheim. In August of 1793 he became interim commander-in-chief of the Army of the Rhine when General Beauharnais was suspended. Landremont did not fare much better, for at the end of September he was suspended and then in October he was arrested and imprisoned at l'Abbaye.
After the Thermidorian Reaction brought about the end of Robespierre and the Reign of Terror, Landremont was released from prison in August of 1794. He briefly retired from the army but then returned in June of 1795 as commander of the 1st military division. Landremont was relieved of that position in December and he permanently retired in 1796.
- Six, Georges. Dictionnaire Biographique des Généraux & Amiraux Français de la Révolution et de l'Empire (1792-1814). 2 vols. Paris: Gaston Saffroy, 2003.
Updated February 2017
© Nathan D. Jensen