Colonel Joseph Bernard MarignyColonel of the 20th Chasseurs à Cheval who was killed at Jena
Born: March 19, 1768
Place of Birth: Morestel, Isère, France
Legion of Honor: Officer
Died: October 14, 1806
Cause of Death: Killed in action
Place of Death: Jena, Germany
Arc de Triomphe: MARIGNY on the south pillar
Joseph Bernard Marigny first entered the military service as a capitaine in the 2nd Battalion of Volunteers of Isère in November of 1790. In April of 1792 he was employed in the staff of the Army of Italy, and a few months later he became General Brunet's aide-de-camp. In 1793 Marigny was wounded by a bayonet in the fighting against the Piedmontese, and at the end of the year he became an aide-de-camp to General Dallemagne. He continued to serve in the Army of Italy, and in March of 1797 Marigny was promoted to chef d'escadrons with the 4th Chasseurs à Cheval.
In 1799 Marigny and his regiment joined the Army of the West. He was promoted to chef de brigade of the 20th Chasseurs à Cheval that September, and then his regiment joined the Army of the Rhine. Fighting throughout the spring of 1800, Marigny distinguished himself at Erbach on May 24th. That winter he fought at Hohenlinden where he seized an enemy flag, and in the pursuit that followed he fought at Schwanstadt and Lambach where he captured one general and two colonels.
In 1804 he was rewarded when he became an Officer of the Legion of Honor. When war broke out in 1805, Colonel Marigny again led the 20th Chasseurs à Cheval. In 1806 at the Battle of Jena, Marigny was preparing to lead a charge to support the 7th Chasseurs à Cheval when he was hit in the head by a ball and killed.1
- F. G. Hourtoulle, Jena Auerstaedt: The Triumph of the Eagle, trans. Alan McKay, (Paris: Histoire & Collections, 2005), 64.
Updated May 2014
© Nathan D. Jensen