General Étienne Hulot
Born: February 15, 1774
Place of Birth: Mazerny, Ardennes, France
Died: September 13, 1850
Cause of Death: Apoplexy
Place of Death: Nancy, France
Arc de Triomphe: HULOT on the north pillar
After studying the classics at the college of Reims, in April of 1793 Étienne Hulot enlisted in the battalion of chasseurs of Reims. Serving with the Army of the Moselle, the next year he joined the 14th Light before beginning to serve with the Army of the Sambre and Meuse. In 1796 Hulot passed to the 25th Light, and in June he distinguished himself at Altenkirchen and he was commissioned as a sous-lieutenant. In 1797 and 1798 he served with the Army of Germany and then in 1799 he joined the Army of the Danube. That March Hulot served at the combat of Ostrach where he was wounded. At the end of June General Masséna promoted Hulot to lieutenant and then in September Hulot served at the Battle of Zürich . In 1800 Hulot served with the Army of Italy and in May he was taken prisoner at Monte Cretto during the Siege of Genoa . Promoted to capitaine while in captivity, he was paroled in June and then officially exchanged in September.
In 1803 Hulot became an aide-de-camp to General Soult and he began serving in the Army of the Coasts of the Ocean. With the Grande Armée in 1805, that November he was promoted to chef de bataillon commanding the tirailleurs of Pô in Legrand's division. Hulot served at the Battle of Austerlitz in December where he was again wounded. In 1806 he again became an aide-de-camp to Marshal Soult while also keeping command of his battalion. That November Hulot served at Lübeck and then in February of 1807 he served at the Battle of Eylau where his leg was broken by a shot. The next month he was replaced in command of the tirailleurs of Pô but he remained as an aide-de-camp to Soult.
In June of 1808 Hulot was promoted to colonel and he accompanied Marshal Soult to Spain. In January of 1809 he served at the Battle of Corunna , in March he served at Oporto, and in November he served at Ocaña . In 1810 Hulot was named a Knight of the Empire and he served in Andalusia. The next year he served at the actions of Olivenza and Badajoz and then he distinguished himself at the Battle of the Gebora. In August of 1812 Hulot was promoted to général de brigade and then in April of 1813 he joined the Grande Armée in Saxony, commanding a brigade of the 12th Division in IV Corps. That June he was named a Baron of the Empire and then in September he was wounded by a shot to the leg at Juterbock. Hulot continued to fight, distinguishing himself at the combat of Wartenburg and the Battle of Leipzig . As the army retreated he took part in the Battle of Hanau where he was wounded by a shot to the right elbow. In 1814 Hulot commanded the levée en masse in the départements of Ardennes, Marne, and Meuse.
After Napoleon's abdication and the Bourbon Restoration in 1814, Hulot was placed on non-activity but also named a Knight of Saint Louis. At the end of 1814 he was brought back to service to command the département of Meuse. When Napoleon returned from exile for the Hundred Days, Hulot was given command of the 1st Brigade of Bourmont's 14th Division in IV Corps. Bourmont deserted to the enemy at the beginning of the campaign in June and Hulot then took command of the division, leading it into action at the Battle of Ligny and the Battle of Wavre. Hulot defended the park and chateau of Issy in early July and then in August he served as chief of staff to Marshal Macdonald in the Army of the Loire. Hulot was then put on non-activity again but he resumed his military career in 1819.
- Six, Georges. Dictionnaire Biographique des Généraux & Amiraux Français de la Révolution et de l'Empire (1792-1814). 2 vols. Paris: Gaston Saffroy, 2003.
Updated August 2020
© Nathan D. Jensen