General Jean-Guillaume-Barthélemy Thomières

Général de brigade who was killed at Salamanca

Born: August 18, 1771

Place of Birth: Sérignan, Hérault, France

Died: July 22, 1812

Cause of Death: Killed in action

Place of Death: Salamanca, Spain

Arc de Triomphe: THOMIERES on the west pillar


Like many others during the Revolution, Jean-Guillaume-Barthélemy Thomières volunteered for the army, joining the 5th Battalion of Volunteers of Hérault on January 1st, 1793. Five months later he was elected a capitaine of his battalion and they were sent to the Army of the Eastern Pyrenees. Once there, Thomières became an aide-de-camp to General Boisconteau and in early 1794 he joined the staff of the army. Next Thomières saw action in multiple battles, fighting at Peyrestortes , Boulou, Céret, Saint-Laurent de la Mouga, and the siege of Roses.

In 1796, Thomières joined the Army of Italy, serving at Dego , Mondovi , and Fombio. He then became an aide-de-camp to General Lanusse and continued to fight throughout the year, serving at Lodi , Bassano , Saint-Georges, Governolo, and Arcola . In June of 1797 Thomières became an aide-de-camp to General Victor and he continued to serve in Italy for the next few years. His next major actions came in 1799, when he fought at Verona, Pontremoli, the Trebbia, and Fossano. In 1800 Thomières was promoted to chef de bataillon and he continued to serve as an aide-de-camp to Victor, serving at Montebello and Marengo.

During the years of peace, Thomières initially served in Holland, and then in 1802 he became an aide-de-camp to General Macors. In 1803 he served at the camp of Saint-Omer, and then when war broke out in 1805 he served under Andreossy in the supply staff. The next year Thomières became an aide-de-camp to Marshal Lannes and he served with Lannes throughout campaigns in Prussia and Poland. During this time he became an Officer of the Legion of Honor. A month after the Battle of Friedland, he was promoted to général de brigade.

Thomières was assigned to Spain in 1808 where he commanded a brigade. He distinguished himself at Vimiero that August where he was also wounded. Remaining in Spain, in January of 1809 he was present at Corunna as part of Merle's division. That July Thomières was placed with Mermet's division, and then in October he served under the younger Kellerman. Another reward followed when he was made a Knight of the Order of Saint-Henri of Saxony. Thomières continued to command a brigade in Spain, but by the summer of 1812 he was commanding the 7th Division of the Army of Portugal. He was leading his division in battle at the Battle of Salamanca when he was killed by a shot.


Updated May 2014

© Nathan D. Jensen